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韩美林生肖艺术大展

  • 展览海报
  • 《己亥年》猪年生肖特种邮票 韩美林 2019年
  • 《丁酉年》鸡年生肖特种邮票 韩美林 2017年
  • 《鼠》 韩美林 54x39cm 2008年 宣纸
  • 《孺牛图》 韩美林 168x89cm 2005年 宣纸
  • 《水墨虎》 韩美林 100x68cm 2005年 宣纸
  • 《兔》 韩美林 54x39cm 2010年 宣纸
  • 《行云腾祥》 韩美林 345X145cm 2006年 宣纸
  • 《蛇》 韩美林 54x39cm 2005年 宣纸
  • 《水墨马》 韩美林 99x70cm 2012年 宣纸
  • 《羊》 韩美林 128x68cm 2010年 宣纸
  • 《猴》 韩美林 39x35cm 2000年 宣纸
  • 《鸡》 韩美林 70x70cm 2004年 宣纸
  • 《狗》 韩美林 14x14x17cm 2018年 青铜
  • 《猪》 韩美林 40x45cm 2018年 宣纸
  • 《牛》 韩美林 70x22x39cm 青铜
  • 《兔》 韩美林 17x15x16cm 2018年 青铜
  • 《尚贤使能》 韩美林 80x21x165cm 2000年 青铜
  • 《马》 韩美林 87x17x67cm 2009年 青铜
  • 《金鸡》 韩美林 136x22x102cm 2001年 青铜贴金
  • 《动物狗刷水画》 韩美林 50x60cm 2006年 宣纸
  • 《猪》 韩美林 22x18x25cm 2018年 青铜
  • 《鸡》 韩美林 118x81cm 2005年 刺绣
  • 《孔子家语》汉简 韩美林 2018年
  • 《十二属诗》草书 韩美林 2018年
  • 《云起龙骧》 韩美林 57x265cm 2018年
  • 《凤椅》 韩美林 52x64x142 2014年 木
  • 《凤椅》 韩美林 99x72x49cm 2014年 木
  • 《凤壶》 韩美林 23x32x13cm 2011年 紫砂
  • 《龙壶》 韩美林 18x11x11cm 2011年 紫砂
观看全景
展览时间:
2019-01-06 - 2019-02-20
开幕时间:
2019-01-05 10:00-10:30
展览城市:
北京 - 北京
展览机构:
故宫博物院
展览地址:
北京市东城区景山前街4号
主办单位:
故宫博物院 韩美林艺术基金会
承办单位:
韩美林艺术馆 (杭州/北京/银川)
协办单位:
清华大学 中国美术家协会
参展人员:
韩美林
展览备注:
展览地点:故宫博物院文华殿
支持:中国邮政集团公司

展览介绍

美在生肖

“生肖”,指的是人所生年的属相,一共有十二个,统称“十二属相”或“十二相属”,分别是用十二种动物来代表的。这十二种动物又与“十二地支”两两相配,即:子为鼠,丑为牛,寅为虎,卯为兔,辰为龙,巳为蛇,午为马,未为羊,申为猴,酉为鸡,戌为狗,亥为猪。中国史学界对十二生肖的来源有不同的争论:清代赵翼认为“生肖”源自北方游牧民族的习俗,近代史学家中则有生肖“西来”之说,而关于“生肖”的记载最早的历史文献又可见东汉王充所著的《论衡》。在知识阶层的推波助澜之下,生肖文化在民间更是蔚然成风,展现出了旺盛的生命力与创造力。譬如,“生肖”已成为了中国民间两千年以来妇孺皆知的记生年和记岁、排辈分的符号体系,可谓洋洋大观;由于各族人民的喜闻乐见和高度关注,“生肖”也逐渐发展为历久弥新的文化现象与文化传统,不仅渗入了宗教与日常生活等方方面面,并且创生出了代表中华民族精神与美好祝愿的民俗民艺和传承演变。

在艺术创作中,对“生肖”的历代表达可谓丰富多样,它的主题不仅出现在“大雅之堂”的宫廷艺术和文人画传世作品之中,也更多地表现为剪纸、面塑等“下里巴人”形形色色的审美创造。虽然“生肖”作品往往会被归于“动物”主题的分类,反映为中国人传统基因中对动物的崇拜,然而“生肖”艺术与其他动物主题创作显著的不同即在于,它的“拟人化”的处理特点与对美好的期许寄托。由于“生肖”与中国人之间的血脉共生的传统,所以“生肖”艺术无论从造型到意境都成为了人类情感与精神的自然投射,其艺术共性也在于价值取向和文化象征上的“中国特色”。

很多专家都认为,韩美林是世界的更是中国的,他的艺术以全球化的现代变革为背景,更源自中国的民族文化传统。这样的多面性无疑也具体反映在韩美林的“生肖”创作之中。从表面上来看,“生肖”作品是韩美林动物题材创作的组成部分;但是从艺术成就来说,他的“生肖”作品更是对自我创作甚至是艺术传统的超越与提升。

韩美林的“生肖”艺术,立基于民族艺术的优秀传统,首先在形象造型与文化特征上实现了极大的突破。韩美林通过对生肖文化的仔细研读分析,打破了传统文化特征与创作理念的束缚,成功彰显了中国特色的时代精神气质。譬如,在形象造型上,韩美林大胆创新,并未一味拘泥于死板而客观的生肖外在形象,转而强调夸张甚至具有抽象性的造型特征,以及幽默而诙谐的造型效果;此外,韩美林大量运用联想、比喻、象征的表现手法,将时间与空间形成关联来唤起观者对过去的联想,将“形”与“义”形成关系引起观者对形象特点的把握,将质感与特点形成逻辑来体现共性中的差异;最后,韩美林将“生肖”文化的传统,上溯到了远古时代的岩画,扩展到了生动活泼的民俗艺术,在强调形式美感与视觉冲击力的同时,尤其关注大众的审美与接受,以及对朴实、纯真、亲切、自然的生活气息的积极表达。

其次,韩美林的“生肖”艺术反映为人类智慧创造的某种标志,它既是艺术家通过个人创作与现实生活相互融合的文化产物,也是艺术生活化、生活艺术化的独特表达。所以,韩美林的“生肖”艺术,是符合人们心中理想的美好典范,也是反映“众生平等”的美好理念,更是“万物有灵”的大爱无疆。在艺术家的创作中,十二生肖不再仅仅是狭义上的十二种动物,而是被创作者赋予了独特的象征意义,同时色彩的象征性也被融入其中,红色象征吉祥,白色象征纯洁,紫色象征神秘。而韩美林对“人与自然的和谐统一”的刻意追求,也超越了传统意义上的“天人合一”,在始终强调人的自主意识的同时,更强调了尊重自然规律的“和谐发展”的观念。

紫禁城,是中国历史文化的代表与象征;北京故宫博物院,是中国传统艺术的宝库与殿堂。作为中国现当代美术创作者的代表之一,韩美林在北京故宫博物院举办展览,一方面是故宫博物院对韩美林艺术水平的极大肯定,另一方面也反映了立于新时代背景之下的故宫博物院,它的开放、它的包容、它的创新。作为国内为数不多的大量创作了“十二生肖”形象的艺术家,同时也是国内绝无仅有的三枚“生肖邮票”的创作者,2019年韩美林再次携手中国邮政集团推出“猪”生肖邮票(《己亥年》特种邮票),此举已经引起了社会的广泛关注。此次“韩美林生肖艺术大展”即以此为契机在北京故宫博物院推出,可谓是“天时、地利、人和”。

本次展览以韩美林的“生肖艺术”为核心,选择了绘画、书法、雕塑、陶瓷、紫砂、木雕、铁艺、家具、民间工艺等使用传统媒介的创作类型,以体现艺术家对传统技艺、传统风格、传统美学等的理解与传承,与此同时又能从个性气质与时代精神等多个角度来阐发韩美林的艺术突破与艺术创新。展览分为“生生不息”、“艺术魔墙”、“艺术大篷车”、“邮中赞美”、“为美成林”共五个部分,分别从不同角度呈现了韩美林的艺术创作和探索过程。

展厅说明

生生不息

“生肖轮回,生生不息”,既指人类生命的生长与繁殖,亦指韩美林艺术创作的变化与创生。这部分展品以韩美林创作的“十二生肖”动物作品为主题,依照“子”、“丑”、“寅”、“卯”等十二生肖排序,形成连续而独立的十二个内容板块。每个板块以一个生肖为聚焦,展出艺术家的平面作品、立体作品,以及陶瓷、紫砂、木雕、铁艺等不同媒介的创作,全方位呈现韩美林的生肖世界,丰富多样又整体统一。

艺术魔墙

作为目前国内展出作品量最多、艺术门类最丰富的个人艺术馆,自2005年开馆至今韩美林艺术馆已经累积了海量的数字化作品资源。在科技飞速发展的今天,这些数字化资源可以通过高科技的触屏与搜索的技术,超越展厅的客观限制而呈现为韩美林艺术创作的洋洋大观。于是,观赏者可以借助这面“艺术魔墙”,和作品进行交互体验,并通过自主选择来了解韩美林以及他的生肖艺术。

艺术大篷车

作为中国优秀民间艺术的崇拜者,韩美林始终相信“中国最美、最好的艺术在民间”。他把下厂、下乡、下基层时的驾车采风行动称为“艺术大篷车”。从上世纪80年代开始他的“艺术大篷车”驶向了国内外众多的文化现场。在不断的深入生活、体验传统的“艺术大篷车”活动之中,韩美林逐渐形成了这样的认识:“对于艺术家而言,最好的实践就是‘下去’。‘下去’才有创作,‘下去’才能看见世界,‘下去’才能走向世界”。本次展览,我们将韩美林的“艺术大篷车”带到了故宫博物院,它满载着韩美林创作的手稿、画稿,不仅记录了艺术家的思想火花,更是学习传统和深入生活的创作根源。

邮中赞“美”——方寸之间的美林世界

韩美林先生早在1983年设计《癸亥年》邮票便与中国邮政、中国邮票结下深厚的情源。至此之后,跨越三十六年间,韩美林先生先后设计了《熊猫》、《第29届奥林匹克运动会吉祥物》、《丁酉年》、《己亥年》等风格鲜明、形象活泼、饱含中国传统文化底蕴的邮票。其作品气势磅礴又洞察精微,艺术风格独到而个性特征鲜明。浓烈的色彩和恣意的笔触浓缩于方寸之间,带给欣赏者强烈的视觉冲击,在邮票上实现了绘画艺术与印制技艺的完美融合。方寸之间,以小见大,受到了社会各界的广泛好评,推动了中国传统文化的传承和创新。

为美成林

在中国传统民俗文化之中,“猪”,是十二生肖中的最后一个动物,也是富足与吉祥的象征。己亥新年之际,韩美林创作的这一批形态各异、憨态可掬的小猪雕塑,出现在了故宫与元旦春节的特定时空之中,而“宀”与“豕”的结合也暗合了“家”的寓意。于是乎当观众与这些雕塑的零距离互动,既是徜徉于艺术之林的美感享受,更能体会到传统文化与当下生活交融的幸福感与节庆味。

The Beauty of Zodiacal Art

The Chinese zodiac, or shengxiao in Chinese, comprises twelve signs each of which is represented by one of twelve animals. The twelve animals are paired with the twelve Earthly Branches; specifically, the Rat is paired with zi, the Ox with chou, the Tiger with yin, the Rabbit with mao, the Dragon with chen, the Snake with si, the Horse with wu, the Goat with wei, the Monkey with shen, the Rooster with you, the Dog with xu, and the Pig with hai. The origon of the Chinese zodiac has long been a subject of debate among Chinese historians. While Zhao Yi, a scholar of the Qing dynasty, believed that Chinese zodiac originated in customs of the northern nomadic tribes, some modern historians argued that it was borrowed from the West. But the earliest record on the Chinese zodiac was found in the Lunheng, a classic text by Wang Chong of the Eastern Han dynasty. Promoted by intellectuals, a zodiacal culture has long been prevalent among commoners, displaying great vitality and creativity. As a sign system that has over more than 2,000 years been widely used to memorize years of birth and make seniority rankings, the Chinese zodiac has also gradually become a cultural phenomenon, a tradition, which has not only found its way into religion and various aspects of people's daily lives but given rise to folk customs and arts peculiar to the Chinese nation.

The Chinese zodiac has long been reflected in Chinese art, with zodiacal subjects found not only in court arts and literati paintings but more in popular folk arts like paper cutting and toy figurines. While zodiacal works are often classified as animal works - a practice reflective of traditional Chinese worship of animals, the zodiacal art is significantly different from other arts on animals in its use of personification for good wishes. Due to the inextricable traditional bond between the Chinese zodiac and the Chinese people, the zodiacal art, whether in form or in imagery, is a natural projection of human emotions and feelings, with a shared character symbolic of the "Chinese characteristics" of value orientation and cultural dimension.

In the eyes of many experts, Han Meilin belongs to the world and all the more to China. His art is set in global modern change and derived more from Chinese cultural tradition. His versatility is doubtlessly also manifested in his zodiacal works of art. His zodiacal works, while on the surface a part of his animal oeuvre, are in the sense of artistic achievement the transcendence and elevation of his art and even of the tradition of art.

Han's zodiacal art is, above all, an extraordinary breakthrough in artistic image and cultural character based on the fine traditions of Chinese art. Via a thorough study of the Chinese zodiacal culture, he has broken the boundaries of traditional cultural characters and artistic ideas of creation, displaying a temporal ethos with Chinese characteristics. On the creation of images, for instance, Han made bold innovation and broke with the stereotypes of zodiacal animal images in favor of accentuating exaggerated and even abstract images as well as humorous and comical artistic effects. On the other hand, his extensive use of such techniques of expression as association, metaphor and symbolism correlates time and space to evoke associations in the viewer with the past, relates "form" and "meaning" to encourage the viewer to understand the characters of images, and associates texture and character logically to show differences in generality. In addition, Han traced the zodiacal culture back to rock paintings of antiquity, and extended it to folk arts with particular attention paid to aesthetic needs of the general public as well as to the expression of simple, unsophisticated, intimate and natural life while emphasizing formal beauty and visual impact.

On the other hand, the zodiacal art of Han embodies a sort of symbolism created with human intelligence, which is not only a cultural product that the artist has created in a way that connects with real-world life, but also a unique expression of the fusion of art and life. His zodiacal art, therefore, accords with the perfect examples of ideals in the hearts of people, and also embodies the idea that "all the living are created equal" as well as boundless love for all things. In his artistic creations, the zodiacal animals were no longer simply twelve animals in the narrow sense, but were endowed with special symbolic meanings as well as with symbolic qualities in respect of color - red for auspiciousness, white for purity, and purple for mystery. Moreover, the artist's sedulous pursuit of "harmonious unity of man and nature" also surpasses the traditional concept of "unity of man and nature" by stressing the autonomous consciousness of man and all the more the notion of "harmonious development" that respects the laws of nature.

The Forbidden City is the epitome and symbol of Chinese history and culture, and the Palace Museum it houses is the treasury and hall of traditional Chinese arts. As one of the representative contemporary Chinese artists, Han holds his art exhibition at the Palace Museum, which shows on the one hand the museum's full recognition of the value of his art, and on the other hand suggests the museum's open-mindedness and innovation in the new age. As one of the few Chinese artists who are prolific on the subjects of the zodiacal animals and also the sole designer of China's three zodiacal stamps, Han will once more work with China Post Group Corporation to release a zodiacal "Pig" stamp (the special stamp "The Year of the Jihai") for 2019, a move that has attracted widespread attention. The "Exhibition of Han Meilin's Zodiacal Art" at the Palace Museum could be called being held "at the right time, in the right place, with the right people".

This exhibition is largely focused on his zodiacal art, including his works of the traditional forms of art - painting, calligraphy, sculpture, ceramics, clay teapots, ironwork, furniture, folk arts and crafts, etc., to show the artist's perceptions of traditional techniques, styles and aesthetics and also his artistic breakthroughs and innovations from multiple dimensions like individuality and temporal ethos. It is divided into five sections - "Life of Eternity", "Magic Wall of Art", "Caravan of Art", "Eulogy to Beauty in Stamps", and "Forest of Beauty" - to present from different perspectives his artistic creation and exploration.

Exhibition captions :

The Circle of Life

The 12-year cycle of shengxiao, or Chinese zodiac, is a symbol of the growth and reproduction of mankind, but also a metaphor for the ever-changing, ever-renewing artistic creation of Han Meilin. This part of the exhibition features Han's artworks modeling on the 12 animal signs of Chinese zodiac, which are arranged in the same order of zodiac: Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog and Pig. Each animal sign takes up a standalone section exhibiting Han's artworks of various media, such as ceramics, Yixing clay, wood carvings and wrought iron, some graphics and some three-dimensional. Together they allow us to marvel at the diverse yet unified shengxiao art world created by Han.

The Magic Wall of Art

Han Meilin Art Museum, open in 2005, is proud to claim the biggest display and variety of arts among private art museums in China. Over the years it has accumulated a host of digital artworks which, with the help of advanced touchscreen and search technologies, can overcome the spatial limits of the exhibition hall and immerse visitors in the ocean of Han's artworks. This Magic Wall of Art gives you an interactive experience with these artworks. You are free to choose any piece of work that interests you.

The Art Caravan

Han Meilin is a devotee of Chinese folk arts and believes that "the best and most beautiful art of China is with the ordinary people." Therefore he often drives to factory sites, to the countryside and to grassroots organizations to draw inspiration and do research - journeys he nicknames lovingly as "The Art Caravan". He has traveled to many cultural live sites at home and abroad since the 1980s, to get more of life and tradition. Gradually he becomes firmer in his belief that: "For artists, the best thing to do is go down and mingle with the ordinary people. Only by so doing can you find your muse. Only by so doing can you see the world and embrace it." This part of the exhibition features the load of Han's Art Caravan, including many manuscripts and drafts. They are records of artistic sparkles and the fountain for his artistic inspiration from tradition and real life.

Stamps Designed by Han Meilin

Mr. Han's collaboration with China Post can be traced back to 1983 when he designed the stamp "The Year of Kuihai" for the latter. In the following 36 years, the collaboration continued and Han has produced many stamp designs, such as "Panda", "Mascots of the 29th Olympic Games", "The Year of Dingyou" and "The Year of Jihai", which are celebrated for their distinct style, lively images, and respect for traditional Chinese culture. Han's stamp designs are powerful yet subtle, and bear his artistic signature and strong personality. The bright colors and the freewheeling brushes deliver a strong visual impact when condensed in the tiny space of a stamp. On these stamps, the art of painting and the technique of printing work harmoniously. Han's stamp designs are well received and widely appraised for inheriting traditional Chinese culture and giving it a new life.

The Beauty and Joy of Art

In the Chinese zodiac, Pig is the last of the 12 animal signs used to indicate the 12-year cycle, and considered a symbol of abundance and good luck. Han Meilin has created a batch of piggy figurines to mark the approaching Year of Jihai, which is also the Year of Pig. As the exhibition will last through the New Year's Day and the Spring Festival holiday season, these lovely piggy figurines of different shapes will not only be an artistic appeal, but also add to the festive atmosphere of the holiday season.

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(责任编辑:王芳)

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北京小爷12019-01-04 22:10:41
真没看出来是只牛🙂
北京小爷12019-01-04 22:03:49
莫名觉得好看
北京小爷12019-01-04 22:03:28
看到这幅…就想说“猪年大吉大利!”
北京小爷12019-01-04 22:02:19
费用应该是故宫门票,一般宫内展览都是免费,现在淡季,门票也不贵。
艺术数据2019-01-03 15:48:17
韩老师的生肖艺术大展,还是很期待
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