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“集其大成”苏博馆藏董其昌及晚明各流派绘画特展

  • 展览海报
展览时间:
2019-06-25 - 2019-08-18
展览城市:
江苏 - 苏州
展览机构:
苏州博物馆
展览地址:
江苏省苏州市东北街204号
展览备注:
展览地点: 二楼吴门书画展厅

展览介绍

序言

吴门画派之后,以董其昌为首的松江画派崛起。董其昌山水以华亭前辈顾正谊、莫是龙为师,又兼得嘉兴天籁阁主人项元汴等人藏品的滋养,在风格上推崇所谓南宗一脉,即主要通过元四家上溯唐宋传统,泛览融冶,笔墨为尚,秀润平淡,格调萧疏,可谓博采众长而集其大成也。而以董其昌为中心,更有“画中九友”圈子如李流芳、程嘉燧等人,他们不但在诗文上唱和酬酢,而且在艺术上也互相沾溉切磋。

在画史上,以董其昌为代表松江画派乃是以仿古为主要面貌的,而与之同时有新安画派者,其画则力图摆落窠臼、超越藩篱,喜以安徽自然山水尤其是黄山风景为灵感源泉,格调新奇,别开生面,与松江画派形成鲜明对比,代表人物有查士标、弘仁、戴本孝等。而明清鼎革之际,除了松江、新安二派,尚有遗民书画家如傅山、龚贤、徐枋、项圣谟等人,或为画史专门名家、或为文人一时寄兴,大抵皆各有意趣,不乏清目赏心之作。

苏州博物馆本次展览,特别遴选馆藏董其昌师友圈与明末清初各流派山水共二十余件,内容即以松江、新安、遗民为主,形制上卷、册、轴兼备,从中我们可以窥见明末清初山水画坛流派纷呈、气象万千的局面。

Preface

After the Wu School, Songjiang School represented by Dong Qichang began to rise. Dong Qichang's landscape paintings learned from Gu Zhengyi and Mo Shilong, predecessors of Huating School, and also benefited from collections of Gu Yuanbian, the host of Tian Lai Ge in Jiaxing. He admired the South School in style, that is, to date back to Tang and Song dynasty traditions via the four masters in the Yuan dynasty and combine their techniques together to form a delicate and desolate style. In this way, they managed to absorb and assemble other schools' strengths. Centered around Dong Qichang formed a group called 'Nine Friends in terms of Painting', including Li Liufang and Cheng Jiasui. They not only responded to each other via poetry, but also learned about art from each other.

While Songjiang School adored a style of antiquity in art history, Xin'an School made a sharp contrast with its fresh and unique strokes inspired by landscapes of Anhui Province, especially the scenery of Mount Huangshan. The representatives included Zha Shibiao, Monk Hongren, Dai Benxiao, etc. During the transition from Ming to Qing dynasty, apart from Songjiang School and Xin'an School, there was another painting group comprising of adherents of Ming dynasty, including Fu Shan, Gong Xian, Xu Fang, Xiang Shengmo, etc. The paintings enjoyed their own respective charm, some being created by professionals while others expressing literati's thoughts and affections.

This exhibition specially selects over twenty landscape paintings of Dong Qichang and different schools in the late Ming and early Qing dynasty from Suzhou Museum, focusing on those done by Songjiang School, Xin'an School and the adherents of Ming dynasty in the form of scrolls, album leaves and hanging scrolls, from which we can detect the diversity of painting schools in the late Ming and early Qing dynasty.

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(责任编辑:杨红柳)

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